Kidney cysts represent water-filled masses on or in the kidneys. Their presence might cause some serious health issues due to the fact that these cysts may impair the proper function of the kidneys. Most common masses are the kidney cysts, which are non-cancerous and very rarely lead to complications.
It hasn’t been proven so far what leads to the formation of these simple kidney cysts. Usually, they don’t cause any symptoms or signs. Most often they are discovered when the person undergoes a diagnostic test for a different issue.
Kidney cysts may appear at all aged people, however, doctors say that the risk grows as a person gets older. Men have higher risk of getting them than women.
As stated above, these cysts are non-cancerous and almost never cause further complications, which doesn’t mean that no complications may arise. Sometimes, the masses may burst which will lead to extreme pain in the back or on the side. If the kidney cysts get infected, they will cause pain as well as fever. The cysts may swell if they are in the areas that cause obstruction of the urine flow.
Usually the kidney cysts do not cause symptoms. When they start to cause symptoms, it means they have gotten very large. The symptoms include dull pain in the back or on the side, as well as the upper abdominal area. The symptoms also include high fever, and this is in case the growths have become infected.
There are a few ways to determine the presence of the simple kidney cysts. They can be discovered with ultrasound, computerized tomography scan or a magnetic resonance imaging done for other health issues. The doctor, using imaging test can determine whether the masses are cysts or tumors. With a blood test it can be determined whether the kidneys are working properly or not.
Sometimes people with simple kidney cysts do not require treatment. This is true if the masses do not cause any signs or symptoms, nor impair the proper work of the kidneys. Most often, these cysts go away on their own.