When the ratio of total cholesterol to good cholesterol is greater than 5 to 1, the risk of heart disease increases. Optimal levels are total cholesterol with less than 200 mg/dL and with good cholesterol greater than 60 mg/dL.
It is recommended that proper diet, exercise and maintaining healthy weight
High Fat Diet
According to the World Heart Federation, high fat diet causes 11% of strokes and 31% of coronary heart disease worldwide.
A sedentary lifestyle increases the risk by 50%. In order to reduce the risk, you need to increase the physical activity to at least 150 minutes of moderate activity per week.
This is one of the most preventable risk factors. Quitting smoking can reduce the risk significantly, no matter how long you have been a smoker.
People with excess body fat, especially around the waist have higher risk of heart disease, even if there are no other risks.
Excess weight strains the heart and may induce other risk factors.
It is recommended that proper diet, exercise and saturated fat, trans fat and low sodium foods.