Myocardial infarction or most commonly known as a heart attack happens when the blood flow to the heart is blocked, usually caused by a build-up cholesterol, fat and other substances. They form a plaque in the arteries which feed the heart or the coronary arteries. This can lead to damaging the heart muscle.
A heart attack is a very serious condition that can be fatal. However treatment has improved over the years. It is essential to call emergency medical personnel if you think you are having a heart attack.
Below is a list of the most common risk factors:
Men at the ages from 45 and women at the ages from 55 or older are more at risk than younger men and women. More than 84% of people who die of a heart disease are 65 or older.
Having diabetes or not producing enough insulin and not responding to insulin properly may lead to elevation of the sugar levels in the blood. If not controller, diabetes increases the risk of a heart attack.
Anger and stress can lead to an attack or a stroke. Managing stress is crucial. Try practicing relaxation techniques and setting realistic goals. Massage and yoga have been found to be effective in stress relief.
If there is a family member that had an early heart attack, you might be at higher risk.
High Blood Pressure
A heart healthy blood pressure is less than 120/80. Hypertension is one of the most common risk factors.
High blood pressure, over time can damage the arteries and accelerate atherosclerosis. High blood pressure as the effect of obesity, smoking, high cholesterol may increase the risk factor.
It is recommended that proper diet, exercise and maintaining healthy weight.